COVID-19: The latest information about COVID-19. See ×

Quantitative Easing Caused an Unintended $28 Billion Reduction in Corporate and Industrial Lending Says University of Miami Study

Coral Gables, Fla. – July 13, 2017 – The $1.7 trillion worth of mortgage backed security purchases by the Federal Reserve Bank as part of quantitative easing to stabilize the U.S. economy during the financial crisis, caused a $28.2 billion reduction in corporate and industrial lending, says new research from the University of Miami School of Business Administration

The finding comes at a time when the Federal Reserve is considering its strategy to reduce stimulus for a growing economy by letting bonds it purchased mature without reinvesting the proceeds. Until now, the Fed held such mortgage backed securities and treasuries even though it raised short-term interest rates. 

One of study’s researchers, Indraneel Chakraborty, assistant professor of finance at the University of Miami, says businesses have experienced difficulty securing loans since the crisis due to limited bank capital and such capital being spread thin across housing and other sectors of the economy. Until now, a dollar figure was unavailable to illustrate the overall impact of quantitative easing on the reduction of commercial and industrial lending.

“For some time, companies have been left asking why they can’t get a loan even though they have great credit history, which in turn slows down the investment companies can make toward new opportunities,” said Chakraborty who conducted the study with colleagues from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, and Virginia Tech. “Knowing now how big of an impact their quantitative easing had on businesses being able to get loans, Fed policy makers should be particularly sensitive to the commercial and industrial loan market when deciding the pace at which they reduce the size of the balance sheet. If they don't do so, they could rock an already anemic C&I market.”

The study utilized balance sheet data of U.S. banks, and also micro-level loan data from all large banks in the U.S. and their loans to all public firms in the U.S.

About the University of Miami School of Business Administration 

The University of Miami School of Business is a leader in preparing individuals and organizations to excel in the complex, dynamic, and interconnected world of global business. One of 12 schools and colleges at the University of Miami, the School offers undergraduate, master’s, doctoral, and executive education programs. With its location in a major center for international business, the School is acclaimed for its global perspective, student and faculty diversity, and engagement with the business community. More information about the University of Miami School of Business can be found at

EDITOR’S NOTE: The full study is available upon request. The paper was recently presented at the National Bureau of Economic Research Summer Institute 2017. Link:


Tracy Simon
University of Miami School of Business Administration
Tel: 267-679-2774 or to

Back to top